Organization Structure

Scientific Structure of the Center:

The goals and objectives of DRC are being accomplished through four research divisions which include a number of associated departments (23) with unique research units and 11 research experimental stations distributed in the Egyptian desert regions and building capacity for human resources through a main training center.

A- Water Resources and Desert Soils Division:

This Division is concerned with:
1- Exploring and evaluating groundwater resources; their aquifer depth, thickness and extension and locating the optimum sites for water-well drilling.
2- Drilling and testing of production and test wells.
3-Surveying, classifying, mapping and evaluating desert soils using aerial photos, satellite photos and geographical information system (GIS).
4- Conducting physical, chemical and microbiological soil evaluations as well as fertility status and plant nutrition essential for land reclamation, amelioration and conservation for sustainable productive lands.
5- Designing proper systems for water harvesting in rain-fed areas.
6- Designing optimum irrigation systems for different desert soil types through evaluation of water requirements.

B- Ecology And Dry Lands Agriculture Division:

This Division is concerned with:
1- Evaluating natural plant cover.
2- Mapping vegetation and rangelands.
3- Conserving desert flora.
4- Producing stress tolerant cultivars.
5- Increasing horticulture and field crop productivity by introducing new technologies adapted to desert regions.
6- Studying medicinal and aromatic plants.
7- Biological and ecological control of pests and plant diseases.
8- Sand dune fixation.
9- Propagation of selected cash-crop seedlings adaptable with desert environments.

C- Animal and Poultry Production Division:

This Division is concerned with:
1- Increasing animal and poultry productions under desert conditions through genetic improvement of breeding stocks, improving nutrition, and combating diseases.
2- Utilizing animal wastes in rations and biogas production.
3- Developing techniques for artificial insemination and embryo transfer.
4- Improving local wool quality and production in desert areas.
5- Developing local small scale industries based on animal products.
6- Developing fish farms in desert coastal areas.

D- Socio-economic Studies Division:

This division is concerned with:
1- Conducting Socio-economic studies in the newly reclaimed desert lands for different groups of farmers.
2- Achieving sustainable development of the natural desert resources.
3- Information dissemination in the form of extension bulletins and booklets.
4- Improving skills of bedouin woman and families.

Experimental Research Stations:

The Center has eleven Experimental Stations in the depth of the Egyptian desert, and are distributed among desert areas represent different ecosystems. They provide research work facilities in the fields of fodder crops and horticulture with saline water, advanced irrigation techniques, soil conditioning, range improvement, animal and poultry production and extension to farmers and investors. They include well-equipped laboratories and barns.

Special additional Units
These units include:

-Tissue Culture Lab
-Geographical Information Systems (GIS),
- Electronic Library
-The Egyptian Gene Bank for indigenous and wild genetic resources (EGB)
- Information System unit
- Central scientific Laboratory
- Artificial Insemination and Embryo Transfer
- Satellite Receiving Station.
- Wind Tunnel Laboratory for soil erosion studies.
- Sand dune fixation.
- Private Unit for public service. (This unit also has well-drilling machines to drill water wells after the declaration of proper sites for drilling by geophysical techniques).

The Library:

DRC has a library that contains more than 2840 books , periodicals ,encyclopedias and scientific theses in addition to historical tomes which belonged to the late prince Yousef Kamal the owner of the palace .

DRC Scientific Bulletin:

This periodical has been issued on an annual basis since 1950 with the name "Desert Institute Bulletin." As international scientific journal. It covers all desert research aspects, carefully-refereed papers by Egyptian and international scientists


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For general information about the center, the services or the staff, please contact us at:
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  (+202) 26332846
  (+202) 26357858
  1 Mathaf El Matariya Street